Arak is a traditional Balinese alcoholic beverage, holds cultural significance and is used in various ceremonies. If you wanna know, what indonesians love to party with, then this is the answer. However, it’s essential to consume it responsibly due to its high alcohol content. In this comprehensive guide, we explore the history, production, cultural context, and safety precautions related to Arak for travelers visiting Bali.

This spirit is a traditional Balinese distilled spirit made from fermented rice or palm sap. This beverage plays a vital role in Balinese culture, often used in religious ceremonies, but it’s also enjoyed socially.

History and Production

Arak distillery.

Arak is produced through a two-step process. First, a base liquid is created by fermenting either rice or the sap of coconut palms or sugar palms. The fermented liquid is then distilled, separating the alcohol from the water and other components. This distillation process contributes to Arak’s high alcohol content, often exceeding 50%, which makes it stronger than most other spirits, such as vodka, rum or tequila.

There are different types of this spirit, including “Arak Bali” made from rice and “Arak Lao-Lao” made from palm sap. Each type has unique flavor profiles.

Cultural Significance

Religious Ceremonies: This spirit holds a central role in Balinese Hindu rituals and ceremonies. It is offered to deities as part of temple offerings and is considered sacred.

But also on social occasions it is used frequently: Beyond religious contexts, Arak is consumed during celebrations, gatherings, and traditional performances. It is frequently mixed with water, creating a popular local cocktail known as “Arak Madu.”

Consumption and Safety

Arak in a bottle.

While this spirit can be enjoyed, it’s crucial to consume it responsibly due to its high alcohol content. Excessive consumption can lead to health risks and impaired judgment.
Travelers should also exercise caution when consuming Arak from street vendors, as improper production and storage can result in contaminated Arak, which may cause health issues often referred to as “Bali Belly.”

To ensure safety, purchase the spirit from reputable sources, such as established bars, restaurants, or licensed distilleries.

When drinking this spirit, it is typically diluted with water, which not only lowers the alcohol content but also enhances the flavor and aroma.

Local Variations of Arak

Mixed with Fruit: Some local bars and vendors infuse the spirit with tropical fruits like snake fruit or pineapple, creating unique and flavorful variations.

Cocktails: The spirit is often used as a base in cocktails, mixing it with fruit juices, soda, or other spirits to create delightful and refreshing drinks.

Legislation and Regulation

The production and sale of this spirit in Bali are regulated by the Indonesian government to ensure safety and quality standards. Travelers are encouraged to be aware of these regulations and seek Arak from reputable sources that adhere to them.

Visiting Recommendations: How to best try Arak

If you’re interested in trying this spirit, consider visiting a reputable distillery in Bali where you can learn about its production process and sample various varieties.

When participating in Balinese ceremonies involving Arak, be respectful of local customs and traditions. Follow the lead of locals to ensure you’re observing these rituals appropriately.

Arak is more than just a beverage in Bali: it’s a symbol of tradition, culture, and spirituality. While enjoying this spirit can be a memorable part of your Bali experience, it’s essential to do so responsibly and with respect for local customs and safety precautions.

Learn more about Bali in our Glossary.

7 lesser-known facts about Arak:

  1. Long History: Arak Bali has a history dating back hundreds of years and has been an integral part of Balinese culture and rituals for generations.
  2. Ritual Offerings: In Balinese Hindu ceremonies, Arak Bali is offered to the gods and spirits as a symbol of respect and devotion. It’s an essential element of many religious rituals and temple festivals.
  3. Traditional Pot Stills: Traditional Balinese distillers often use handmade pot stills made from clay or copper to produce Arak Bali. This craftsmanship is passed down through families and is considered an art form.
  4. Balinese Moonshine: In some remote villages, this spirit is still produced in small batches by local families, akin to moonshine production in other parts of the world. These homemade versions can have a particularly strong kick.
  5. Flame Test: To test the quality and potency of this spirit, locals sometimes ignite a small amount. If it burns with a blue flame, it’s considered good quality. This test helps ensure that the spirit has been properly distilled.
  6. Balinese Wedding Tradition: The drink plays a crucial role in Balinese wedding ceremonies. It’s used in a ceremonial toast to symbolize the union of two families and the couple’s new life together.
  7. Cultural Dance and Music: In Balinese dance and music performances, this spirit is often used to fuel the energy and enthusiasm of the performers. It’s believed to enhance their connection with the spirit world.
Arak is a traditional spirit in Bali.


What is Arak?
This spirit is a traditional distilled alcoholic beverage found in several countries, including Lebanon, Syria, Iran, and Indonesia.

How is Arak made?
In Bali Arak is mostly made by distilling rice.

What are some traditional ways to enjoy Arak?

This spirit is traditionally enjoyed by mixing it with cold water and ice. The ratio of Arak to water can vary, but a common approach is to mix one part Arak with two to three parts water.

Is Arak safe to consume, and what precautions should be taken?
This spirit, like any alcoholic beverage, should be consumed responsibly. It has a high alcohol content, often ranging from 40% to 60% ABV. It is recommended to mix Arak with water or fruit juices. Also, it’s essential to ensure that the Arak you drink is from a reputable source to avoid counterfeit or unsafe products.